Usmanu Danfodiyo University, Sokoto. The Wikipedia further asserted that a test or examination is an assessment intended to measure a test-takers knowledge or skill, aptitude, physical fitness or classification in many other topics e. A test may be administered orally, on a paper, on a computer or in confirmed area that requires a test taker to physically perform a set of skills.
More What Is It? You accidentally touch a hot stove. In a millisecond, you jerk your hand away. You have pain receptors throughout your body, both outside and within.
These receptors send electrical messages through your spinal cord to the brain. You only become aware of pain after your brain receives and interprets these electrical messages.
In some cases, such as when you touch a hot stove, the body can spring into defensive action even before the brain knows what is happening. Pain receptors and nerve pathways differ throughout the body.
Therefore, the sensation of pain differs, too, depending on where the message comes from and how it travels. At times, the source of pain is difficult to locate.
For example, some people feel the pain from a heart attack in the neck or jaw. People also differ in their ability to tolerate pain and how they respond to pain medication.
Pain is classified into two types: Examples include touching a hot surface, stubbing your toe or being cut. Usually lasts a month or more, and could last years Can come and go many times or remain constant Can disturb sleep patterns, decrease appetite and cause depression Often has little or no effect on blood pressure, heart or breathing rates Chronic pain can outlive its usefulness; the message has been sent and received, but keeps being sent over and over.
Examples include arthritis, cancer and back injuries. Symptoms Pain is the symptom. Acute pain often has a clear source. Chronic pain is more persistent, lasting months or years, and it may or may not have an obvious source.
This can be challenging. No laboratory test can prove that pain exists, and describing pain in words can be difficult. Also, each person experiences pain differently. Your doctor may ask you questions about the history of your pain. He or she may ask you to describe your pain using a scale, such as 0 no pain to 10 unbearable painor use other scales and measurements.
Once your doctor determines whether your pain is acute or chronic, and uncovers the source of the pain, he or she can determine the best way to treat it.
However, doctors often begin treating pain before they identify the cause. Expected Duration How long pain lasts will depend on its source and severity. Prevention Trying to prevent pain before it happens can be dangerous. Acute pain is an important message that is essential to survival.
Some people are born with a rare disorder congenital analgesia and do not feel pain. They live in great danger because they miss warning signals that could mean life or death. Once the cause of pain is diagnosed, it may be possible to prevent the pain from coming back.
For instance, a person diagnosed with a stomach ulcer can take medications to heal the ulcer and prevent continuation of the pain. Treatment Your doctor probably will treat your pain while he or she tries to figure out the cause. Many drugs are helpful, though how well they work depends on the patient and the nature of pain.
Analgesics painkillers are the most common pain remedy. Acetaminophen Tylenol and other brand names interferes with pain messages. Aspirin and ibuprofen AdvilMotrin and others work in two ways: Narcotic pain relievers, such as morphine and codeineare the most powerful pain treatments.
These usually are reserved for the most intense pain. They can cause serious side effects, can be addictive and often cause constipation.the nature of the bleeding.
related symptoms, such as persistent intermenstrual bleeding, pelvic pain and/or pressure symptoms, that might suggest uterine cavity abnormality, histological abnormality, adenomyosis or fibroids.
The liver is subject to a variety of other disorders and diseases. Abscesses can be caused by acute appendicitis; those occurring in the bile ducts may result from gallstones or may follow surgery. The parasite that causes amebic dysentery in the tropics can produce liver abscesses as well.
Various other parasites prevalent in different parts of the world also infect the liver. An Examination of the Causes and Consequences of Mergers and Acquisitions in Market Economies Lenovo´s Acquisition of IBM´s PC Division by Joseph Katie.
ebook An Examination of the Causes and Consequences of Mergers and Acquisitions in Market Economies. Many people use cars all over the world. This is, however, not done without risk, as traffic accidents are one of the most common causes of death for adolescents worldwide.
The number of deaths has steadily decreased, both worldwide and in Norway. Many of these accidents involve passenger cars and distracted driving.
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Knee pain is one of the most common complaints heard by doctors. WebMD provides a comprehensive overview of knee injuries and how they are evaluated and treated.