A broad range of topics is included so that the teacher will be prepared to offer the course with confidence. During these four days, participants will look at how to create an AP Spanish Language and Culture Program or expand on an existing one. Teachers will receive information and strategies to help students be successful when taking the Advanced Placement Examination.
Now part of modern-day LibyaCyrene had been founded by Greeks centuries earlier and became the capital of Pentapolis North Africaa country of five cities: Cyrene, Arsinoe, BerenicePtolemias, and Apollonia. Under Ptolemaic rule the economy prospered, based largely on the export of horses and silphiuma plant used for rich seasoning and medicine.
Like any young Greek, Eratosthenes would have studied in the local gymnasiumwhere he would have learned physical skills and social discourse as well as reading, writing, arithmetic, poetry, and music. There he was taught Stoicism by its founder, Zeno of Citiumin philosophical lectures on living a virtuous life.
He also studied under the head of the Platonic Academywho was Arcesilaus of Pitane. His interest in Plato led him to write his very first work at a scholarly level, Platonikos, inquiring into the mathematical foundation of Plato's philosophies.
This work was highly esteemed for its accuracy. George Syncellus was later able to preserve from Chronographies a list of 38 kings of the Egyptian Thebes. Eratosthenes also wrote Olympic Victors, a chronology of the winners of the Olympic Games. It is not known when he wrote his works, but they highlighted his abilities.
Eratosthenes, then thirty years old, accepted Ptolemy's invitation and traveled to Alexandria, where he lived for the rest of his life.
Within about five years he became Chief Librarian, a position that the poet Apollonius Rhodius had previously held. As head of the library Eratosthenes tutored the children of Ptolemy, including Ptolemy IV Philopator who became the fourth Ptolemaic pharaoh. He expanded the library's holdings: It was said that these were copied so accurately that it was impossible to tell if the library had returned the original or the copy.
He sought to maintain the reputation of the Library of Alexandria against competition from the Library of Pergamum. Eratosthenes created a whole section devoted to the examination of Homer, and acquired original works of great tragic dramas of AeschylusSophocles and Euripides.
In On the Circular Motions of the Celestial Bodies, Cleomedes credited him with having calculated the Earth's circumference around BC, using knowledge of the angle of elevation of the Sun at noon on the summer solstice in Alexandria and on Elephantine Island near Syene modern AswanEgypt.
Eratosthenes believed there was good and bad in every nation and criticized Aristotle for arguing that humanity was divided into Greeks and barbariansand that the Greeks should keep themselves racially pure. Losing the ability to read and to observe nature plagued and depressed him, leading him to voluntarily starve himself to death.
The sunbeams shown as two rays hitting the ground at Syene and Alexandria. Angle of sunbeam and the gnomons vertical pole is shown at Alexandria, which allowed Eratosthenes' estimates of radius and circumference of Earth.
Eratosthenes calculated the circumference of the Earth without leaving Egypt. He knew that at local noon on the summer solstice in Syene modern AswanEgyptthe Sun was directly overhead.
He then measured the Sun's angle of elevation at noon in Alexandria by using a vertical rod, known as a gnomonand measuring the length of its shadow on the ground. Taking the Earth as spherical, and knowing both the distance and direction of Syene, he concluded that the Earth's circumference was fifty times that distance.
His knowledge of the size of Egypt was founded on the work of many generations of surveying trips. Pharaonic bookkeepers gave a distance between Syene and Alexandria of 5, stadia a figure that was checked yearly.How to Answer a Source Question in History.
In this Article: Reading the Question Evaluating the Source Giving a Solid Answer Community Q&A History tests often ask questions about sources—writing or images that help to shed light on a historical period. Death, divorce, marriage, retirement, career changes, empty-nesting, moving Whether we instigate a stressful event or feel like the victim of one, navigating the transitional waters of change is hard.
Turnitin provides instructors with the tools to prevent plagiarism, engage students in the writing process, and provide personalized feedback. The Christ myth theory (also known as the Jesus myth theory, Jesus mythicism, or Jesus ahistoricity theory) is "the view that the person known as Jesus of Nazareth had no historical existence." Alternatively, in terms given by Bart Ehrman as per his criticism of mythicism, "the historical Jesus did not exist.
Or if he did, he had virtually nothing to do with the founding of Christianity.". Sep 03, · The Continuity and Change-Over-Time (CCOT) essay is a type that is commonly used on the AP World History exam, but you may be asked to write one for other settings or courses.
Basically, it asks you to think about how a particular subject has developed or altered over time, as well as to consider what about it has stayed the same%(43). Please review the FAQs and contact us if you find a problem.
Credits: 1 Recommended: 9th Test Prep: AP World History This is a broad, survey course; you will need to do additional study to take these exams: Western Civilization I, Western Civilization II (Each is .