Traffic Problems of a Big City Cities like New York, London, and Paris have all had to deal with thousands of cars running through their streets each day. Traffic congestion is a big problem for everyone within the city. The main reasons why traffic congestion occurs are more cars, poor road management, and poor practices on behalf of employers. The adult population is increasing and therefore more people want their own personal transport to get around with.
Economics What are the Objectives of Public Enterprises? Public sector as a whole seeks: The main objectives of public enterprises in India are as follows: These enterprises have created a sound industrial base for rapid industrialisation of the country.
They are expected to Public transport infrastructure essay infrastructure facilities for promoting balanced and diversified economic structure of development. Another aim of public enterprises is to promote self-reliance in strategic sectors of the national economy.
For this purpose, public enterprises have been set up in transportation, communication, energy, petro-chemicals, and other key and basic industries.
Development of backward Areas: Several public enterprises were established in backward areas to reduce regional imbalances in development. Balanced development of different parts of the country is necessary for social as well as strategic reasons.
Unemployment has become a serious problem in India. Public enterprises seek to offer gainful employment to millions.
In order to protect jobs, several sick units in the private sector have been nationalised. Public enterprises seek to generate and mobilise surplus for reinvestment.
These enterprises earn money and mobilise public savings for industrial development. An important objective of public enterprises is to prevent concentration of economic power and growth of private monopolies. Public sector helps the Government to enforce social control on trade and industry for ensuring equitable distribution of goods and services.
Public enterprises protect and promote small scale industries. Public enterprises seek to protect consumers from exploitation and profiteering by ensuring supply of essential commodities at cheaper prices.
They aim at stabilising prices. Private sector is guided by profit motive. Therefore, it is reluctant to invest money in public utility services like water supply, gas, electricity, public transport.
Therefore, the Government has to assume responsibility for providing such services. Government has to set up public enterprises for production of defence equipment. Supply of such equipment cannot be entrusted for private sector due to the need for utmost secrecy.
Public enterprises serve as model employers. They ensure welfare and social security of employees. Many public enterprises have developed townships, schools, college and hospitals for their workers. Role and Rationale of Public Enterprises The public sector has been playing a vital role in the economic development of the country.
Public sector is considered a powerful engine of economic development and an important instrument of self-reliance. At the time of independence, there existed serious gaps in the industrial structure of the country, particularly in the field of heavy industries.
Basic and key industries require huge capital investment, involve considerable risk and suffer from long gestation periods. Private sector concerns do not come forward to establish such industries. Public sector has helped to fill up these gaps. The basic infrastructure required for rapid industrialisation has been built up, through the production of strategic capital goods.
The public sector has considerably widened the industrial base of the country and speeded up the pace of industrialisation. Public sector has created millions of jobs to tackle the unemployment problem in the country.
Public sector accounts for about two-third of the total employment in the organised industrial sector in India.Public Transportation Benefits Page Content Public transportation transforms communities and the lives of the people living in them by spurring economic development, promoting sustainable lifestyles and providing a higher quality of life.
In a narrow context, public transport infrastructure refers to transportation services which facilitate movement of people, goods, services and trade. Going by these definitions, yes, with better city planning of public transport networks, a country can accommodate both higher economic activity and a higher quality of life for its residents.
Jan 01, · Accessible and affordable public transport service and safe infrastructure for non-motorized transport such as cycling and walking are lacking in most developing country cities.
critical issues in transportation 3 T he United States depends on transpor-tation to compete globally and to help revive a sluggish domestic economy. public-sector infrastructure lags far behind that in the private sector.
• The research and development (R&D) invest-. Nov 15, · The decisions that national leaders, local officials, developers, and planners make today will determine how billions of urban cities will live over the next century.
NEWSPAPER ESSAY SOUTH AMERICA, DECEMBER SÃO PAULO’S URBAN TRANSPORT INFRASTRUCTURE By Ciro Biderman A research team* led by Ciro Biderman assesses how to improve the current transport system in the São Paulo Metropolitan Region.