Smallpox vaccine being administered. Note the bifurcated needle. It is the world's oldest smallpox vaccine, created in the late 19th century by American Home Products, a predecessor of Wyeth.
Read now Treatment The only effective treatment for typhoid is antibiotics.
The most commonly used are ciprofloxacin for non-pregnant adults and ceftriaxone. Other than antibiotics, it is important to rehydrate by drinking adequate water. In more severe cases, where the bowel has become perforated, surgery may be required. Typhoid antibiotic resistance As with a number of other bacterial diseases, there is currently concern about the growing resistance of antibiotics to S.
This is impacting the choice of drugs available to treat typhoid. In recent years, for example, typhoid has become resistant to trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole and ampicillin. Ciprofloxacin, one of the key medications for typhoid, is also experiencing similar Vaccination essay a history.
Some studies have found Salmonella typhimurium resistance rates to be around 35 percent. Causes Typhoid is caused by the bacteria S. Washing fruit and vegetables can spread it, if contaminated water is used.
Some people are asymptomatic carriers of typhoid, meaning that they harbor the bacteria but suffer no ill effects.
Others continue to harbor the bacteria after their symptoms have gone. Sometimes, the disease can appear again. People who test positive as carriers may not be allowed to work with children or older people until medical tests show that they are clear.
Prevention Countries with less access to clean water and washing facilities typically have a higher number of typhoid cases. Vaccination If traveling to an area where typhoid is prevalent, vaccination is recommended. Before traveling to a high-risk area, getting vaccinated against typhoid fever is recommended.
This can be achieved by oral medication or a one-off injection: Consists of 4 tablets, one to be taken every second day, the last of which is taken 1 week before travel. Shot, an inactivated vaccine, administered 2 weeks before travel. Vaccines are not percent effective and caution should still be exercised when eating and drinking.
Vaccination should not be started if the individual is currently ill or if they are under 6 years of age. Anyone with HIV should not take the live, oral dose. The vaccine may have adverse effects.
One in people will experience a fever. After the oral vaccine, there may be gastrointestinal problems, nausea, and headache. However, severe side effects are rare with either vaccine.
There are two types of typhoid vaccine available, but a more powerful vaccine is still needed. The live, oral version of the vaccine is the strongest of the two. After 3 years, it still protects individuals from infection 73 percent of the time. However, this vaccine has more side effects.Vaccination is widely considered one of the greatest medical achievements of modern civilization.
Childhood diseases that were commonplace less than a generation ago are now increasingly rare because of vaccines. In order to be effective at eliminating communicable diseases, vaccines must be administered to sufficient levels of persons in the community.
History of the Church: Mary Morse Baker Eddy () discovered and founded Christian Science. She was raised in a strict, deeply religious home, from which she derived her lifelong interest in Christianity and the Bible.
In the past few years heavy antibiotic use has been linked to the inflammatory bowel disorder, Crohn's disease, and to children developing allergies such as hayfever and caninariojana.com association between antibiotic exposure and asthmais accepted both by the medical profession and the Department of Social Security in the UK and the Health Department in Australia.
History of Vaccines The history of vaccines begins with the long history of infectious diseases in humans. Smallpox was the first recorded infectious disease that spread worldwide.
Edward Jenner was the first to start the fight against the disease and set precedents for vaccines. Top 41 Successful Common App Essays. These college essays are from students who got accepted at Common caninariojana.com them to get inspiration for your own essays and knock the socks off those admissions officers!
Essay on Vaccination and Immunization. Article Shared by. ADVERTISEMENTS: Vaccination (protective inoculation) is a process by which specific antibodies are either developed or infected to a normal man to immune the body from specific disease caused due to pathogens. History: ADVERTISEMENTS: Edward Jenner the “Father of Immunology.